Mining has been happening for a long time. The miners started with the essential tools and equipment available to them in their surroundings. Nowadays, you can find standard equipment mining sites have for use in different types of mining. This article will explore some of the standard equipment that mining industries have.
1. Large Mining Trucks
These trucks have unique features that allow them to move heavy mined minerals from a site. These trucks feature large tires, an exceptionally long wheelbase, and a wide width. They also have large tires to support their weight and help them move over uneven terrain.
2. Hydraulic Mining Shovels
These excavators specialize in moving earth or mined materials. The articulated arm of the excavator is used to dig, scoop material into a loader, and remove rock or dirt from surface mines. Most dump trucks rely on a pivoting mechanism to easily access material around them. This helps keep the vehicle’s weight from leaning onto forward-moving material. It also allows operators to control the machine from inside their cab.
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3. Large Dozers
A large bulldozer is a piece of heavy machinery used in mining operations to scoop, push and pull loads of oversize materials. It is generally more robust, extensive, and severe than the other dozers and excavators operating in the mine.
4. Electric Rope Shovels
Electric rope shovels are highly productive and cost-effective pieces of surface mining equipment. They use a series of pulleys and ropes to load coal, iron ore, and other materials into haul trucks and onto conveyors.
Rope shovels are usually mounted on a vehicle and can handle overburden, processing overburden dumps and stockpiles for reclamation. With the electric operation, high-speed positioning at the face is made possible, and performance is optimized with smooth operations that are simple to control.
5. Rotary Drill Rigs and Rock Drills
The machine has the shape of a typical truck with a long, arm-like drilling tool called the derrick. This equipment can drill through solid rock or soil. These machines are used to create holes for explosives or install other machinery like ventilation fans or water wells.
The rotary drill rig is commonly used to make holes in the rock, while sand drilling equipment makes holes into dunes during oil extraction. These machines use the same parts, including drill bits and an engine that generates power.
6. Motor Graders
Caterpillar motor graders are heavy-duty machines that create and maintain roads around mining sites. These machines are tough, with rugged steel tracks, heavy tires, and a powerful engine.
In addition to ensuring the road has the necessary grading and drainage, these motor graders can clear excess material from slopes, fill ditches, and remove debris.
7. Large Wheel Loaders
The Wheel Loader is one of the most advanced, versatile, and powerful machines used worldwide in mining sites. They are commonly found in surface mines. They are used to move massive amounts of mining waste or earth and rock. These machines are recognizable due to their large size and unique features like giant tires, buckets, and knuckle boom arms.
These machines are built with heavy-duty materials and are used in the workplace to dig, load, and move materials from a site for loading into trucks.
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These draglines consist of a bucket or buckets attached to the end of a crane, which is then suspended from a cable tow line. It operates in open-pit mines and low-grade coal or ore seams where power shovels cannot work. The boom mechanism lets it extend over the edge of the mine face, allowing it to pick up overburden and drag it away.
Draglines are sometimes called long hole excavators as they can work in long continuous mines. The Excavator quick Hitches make it easy to attach a bucket without a hitch stack. Its hydraulic power can make hooking and unhooking from the boom easier.
9. Wheel Tractor Scrapers
Wheel tractor scrapers are heavy-duty machines used in mining and other industries to perform initial cuts into land. They strip the ground of excess material following excavation and before starting construction work. Wheel tractor scrapers are built with wheels to assist in moving across the land and a scoop or bucket to pick up material.
They are used for all types of mining but typically collect earth, sand, and gravel from open-pit mines. They’re beneficial for mining operations, where their shape and height allow the machines to move through the mine openings, clearing out hundreds of tons of earth.
10. Underground Mining Loaders and Trucks
They operate in underground mines and require specific settings to maximize efficiency. With the enclosed environment of a mine, no emissions are usually produced. This underground mining loader can mine rock, load it into trucks, and transport it to the surface of a mine site.
It can dig out rock with its mining arm while also picking up buckets of material in its scoop to load into trucks and transport them to the surface. This underground mining loader is ideal for work at mines that are both deep and broad.
Mining site equipment is nothing more than an essential part of an effective mining operation. It is crucial to use materials that can easily withstand rough and challenging conditions, especially when working in dangerous areas.