Osteoarthritis wears out the knee and attacks millions of people annually. With generations living longer, the chances of experiencing this form of arthritis at some point are high in a lifetime. This condition has four stages involving the wearing away of cartilage cushioning the joints. Cartilage top layer wears away leaving bones beneath rubbing against each other. This causes significant pain, swelling, limited knee joint mobility, and formation of bone spurs.
Secondary osteoarthritis results from joint weakening but not wear and tear. This affects younger people especially those between 45 to 50 years. This type of arthritis might also result from other conditions including obesity, knee injury, genetics, inactivity, and other activities that cause knee-weakening.
Four stages of osteoarthritis
This stage of osteoarthritis includes having the growth of minor bone spur in the knee. There is no pain or discomfort since knee joint wear is minimal. Treatment during this stage includes avoid to overuse of the knee and to stay active. Indulge in exercises that strengthen the knee. Additionally, maintain a healthy lifestyle while eating appropriate food that strengthens bones. When overweight, take on weight loss to avoid putting excess pressure on the knees. This escalates knee damage over time.
A more mild stage of osteoarthritis, you begin to realize serious symptoms. Spur growth in the bone occurs but cartilage maintains a healthy size. Space between the bones remains normal without any scraping or rubbing. You might experience tenderness in the knee area with the presence of synovial fluid to lessen friction and boost movement.
Talk to your doctor for a prescription on appropriate medication including Synvisc one online for this stage of osteoarthritis. When overweight, consider a healthier lifestyle with regular exercise including strength training, walking, and aerobics to strengthen the muscles and joints. Those active in intense physical activity might need wraps and braces to manage pain.
During this stage, the cartilage between bones narrows causing significant knee damage. This moderate stage of osteoarthritis comes with more pain and discomfort during regular activity. You are likely to experience extreme pain while walking, kneeling, bending, or running. The knee might also get stiff after sitting for quite some time. Doing the recommended exercises by your doctor is necessary to manage this stage of osteoarthritis.
For treatment, the doctor might recommend including pain medication. However, these medications are not for long term use for chances of causing dependency and increased tolerance. Cortisone injection allows pain relief after the failure of non-pharmacological therapies. Produced naturally in the body, cortisone is a steroid injected near the problem area for pain relief from osteoarthritis. These treatments are effectively backed by healthy eating, regular exercise, and the use of knee braces.
The most severe stage of osteoarthritis , space between the bones severely reduces. Knee cartilage is barely present leading to consistent pain. During this stage, you experience significant pain and discomfort while moving or walking. Bone realignment surgery is the best treatment to manage this form of osteoarthritis.
The procedure involves shifting your body weight away from the bone points with significant spur growth and damage. Total knee replacement surgery is the last resort to treat stage 4 osteoarthritis. This is to manage extreme pain and discomfort from arthritis.
Some lifestyle habits that increase the risk of osteoarthritis
Everyone today relies heavily on their smartphone or gadget. This comes with spending hours texting or scrolling timelines. Text messages are quick and convenient when communicating with friends, family, and colleagues. Young people who spend a lot of time texting are prone to developing osteoarthritis. Smart devices are not designed for regular use by children with developing bones and tendons. There is a risk of joint injuries that might develop into osteoarthritis.
Exercise is good for people especially those having osteoarthritis. However, middle-aged people who indulge in high impact exercise including weight lifting are prone to knee damage with subsequent osteoarthritis. Engaging in high impact exercises encourages cartilage, ligament, and menisca lesions leading to arthritis. The best way to keep fit while protecting yourself from this type of arthritis is to indulge in low impact exercises.
Wearing sexy stilettos puts your knees at the risk of osteoarthritis. The height of the heels changes walking characteristics including stride length and speed. An increase in heel height increases compression on the inside of the knee by about 3.5 inches to worsen medial compartment load. Limit the number of times you wear high heels to lessen the chances of osteoarthritis.
In a nutshell
Osteoarthritis is a painful and discomforting condition that attacks the knees, shoulders and other areas with joints. The condition results from wear and tear of cartilage cushioning the joints leading to significant pain. Visiting your doctor is strongly recommended for professional guidance on the remedies to keep yourself safe. The doctor might recommend drugs, injections, exercise, and weight loss.